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Islamic Bioethics and Living Will

Every human's life is sacred and must be protected from harm is the moral and religious duty of the person, him or herself, family members, and medical practitioners. Honoring every human's wishes is most important, irrespective of status or religion. Islam emphasizes protecting life (Hifz al-nafs) and well-being (Maslahah). Near the end of life, a situation is one of the most challenging when someone faces hindrances due to being mentally incapable or incompetent and medically exhausted from all their efforts to keep a person alive. And certain situations pose challenges, such as comatose, persistent coma, vegetation state, and terminally ill, Many important decisions have to be made that involve more than one person, including healthcare professionals, for allowing or disallowing Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), Assisted ventilation, Artificial hydration, Artificial nutrition, clinically assisted nutrition and hydration (CANH), Antibiotics, etc. It's a personal decision you will make, and no one accepts that you should be expressing Wishes in Living Will. Getting consent (Idhn) is required for all physicians and surgeons before performing any intervention or surgery. In the modern world, getting consent is becoming moral and political freedom rather than anything else. It can involve more than one person if you cannot do so due to mental incapacity. The permission of Islamic law on withdrawal of futile treatment, including life support, from terminally ill patients allowing death to take its natural course, have opinions to permit the "Do not resuscitate" in certain situations. It is of utmost importance that you should be aware of the importance of medical and Islamic bioethics. You will learn shortly that it is generally permissible to withhold or withdraw medical treatments in Islam that can improve your health instead of deteriorating health that can pose a life-threatening risk such as aspiration pneumonia, hyperkalemia, dyspnoea, diarrhea, nausea, etc. It is strongly prohibited in Islam to embrace Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide, the refusal of curative life savings treatment, including basic care. The prohibition is based on the Holy Quran 4:29. You should be aware of some Islamic jurisprudence (Usul al-fiqh) and scholars' differences of opinion.

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