Islamic inheritance law

Updated: Jun 20

Islamic laws of Inheritance written in three verses 4.11, 4.12 & 4.176 of the Holy Quran. If we convert it into excel it will be massive more than 2500 cases and if you convert it into a computer program may give you conditions that you may have to spend hours for all conditions. If you are referring to a family tree, it will be more than 25 ascendants and descendants steps until your inheritance distribution finishes.


Islamic inheritance law has been an interesting subject for many Muslim and non-Muslim authors, scholars, lawyers, and professionals. The origin of Islamic begins with the revelation of the Holy Quran through the beloved Prophet Muhammed (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam). Later on, carried over to the generations through authentic Hadith narrators and writers. The Islamic law interpretation is agreed on the most part but there were few notable differences in the opinions of Sunni Madhab as well as Shiaa.


Sunni law derives from four sources, including Holy Quran, Sunnah, Qiyas, and Ijma. Qiyas is the exercise of private judgment using reason and analogical deduction based on the Islamic Jurisprudence Framework in light of the Holy Quran and Hadith. Ijma is the consensus of the leading companions of the Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) includes Abu Bakr, Omar Farooq, Osman Ibn-Affan and Ali (may Allah shower blessings on them all!) and also, the learned members of a community or the community as a whole, which is another crucial indicator of balanced opinion and judgment in Islam.

The root of the differing Sunni and Shia interpretations of inheritance law lies in heirs' fundamental classification. Sunni emphasizes the agnates (i.e., Asabah or Residuary) and cognates (Zav-il-Arham or Distant Kindred). Nearest in degree will exclude those who are linked to a deceased by more remote relations.

Shia's interpretation of inheritance law completely denies the doctrine of agnates and cognates, instead of the relations entitled to succession as per Shia either by Nasab (i.e., the virtue of consanguinity) or the Sabab (i.e., Special cause or Affinity).



Islamic Inheritance law Calculators & Apps


There is full of texts in the Muslim Holy book Quran as well as in Hadith that is collections of narrations of Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Vasallam. The Islamic Law of Inheritance is very comprehensive and the inheritance goes beyond 25 steps. The interpretation is not easy work, but it needs scholarly professions who are educated and well versed in scripture Holy Quran and Hadith. There are inheritance calculators available in the market for free, we recommend using them to gain some understanding.


Islamic Inheritance Law: World's first website to provide a centralized resource for learning Islamic Inheritance Law. Click here to start learning. ​ ILM Inheritance calculator: This is a great calculator and easy to use but it does not have the customized inheritance calculations in terms of different Islamic schools' jurisdictions such as specific to Hanafi, Shaafi, Maliki, and Hanbali. Click here to access it. ​ IRTH Inheritance calculator: This calculator is not easy to use but it has options to select the different Islamic school's jurisprudence. Click here to access it. ​ Islamic Inheritance Laws: This website provides comprehensive guides, lessons, charts and videos. Click here to access it. ​ Islamic Inheritance: This website provides Islamic inheritance information for American Muslims. Click here to access it.


Disclaimer: We are not representative or agent for any third party services and also, We haven't independently verified the accuracy of these services and so, liability remains with the user.



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