Islamic laws of Inheritance are written in three verses 4.11, 4.12 & 4.176 of the Holy Quran. If we convert it into excel, it will be more than 2500 cases, and if you convert it into a computer program, it may give you conditions that you may have to spend hours for all conditions. If you are referring to a family tree, it will be more than 25 ascendants and descendants steps until your inheritance distribution finishes.
Islamic inheritance law has been an interesting subject for many Muslim and non-Muslim authors, scholars, lawyers, and professionals. The origin of Islam begins with the revelation of the Holy Quran through the beloved Prophet Muhammed (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam). Later on, it carried over to the generations through authentic Hadith narrators and writers. The Islamic law interpretation is mostly agreed upon, but there were few notable differences in the opinions of Sunni Madhab and Shiaa.
Sunni law derives from four sources: Holy Quran, Sunnah, Qiyas, and Ijma. Qiyas is the exercise of private judgment using reason and analogical deduction based on the Islamic Jurisprudence Framework in light of the Holy Quran and Hadith. Ijma is the consensus of the leading companions of the Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam), including Abu Bakr, Omar Farooq, Osman Ibn-Affan, and Ali (may Allah shower blessings on them all!) and also, the learned members of a community or the community as a whole, which is another crucial indicator of balanced opinion and judgment in Islam.
The root of the differing Sunni and Shia interpretations of inheritance law lies in heirs' fundamental classification. Sunni emphasizes the agnates (i.e., Asabah or Residuary) and cognates (Zav-il-Arham or Distant Kindred). Nearest in degree will exclude those linked to a deceased by more remote relations.
Shia's interpretation of inheritance law completely denies the doctrine of agnates and cognates, instead of the relations entitled to succession as per Shia either by Nasab (i.e., the virtue of consanguinity) or the Sabab (i.e., Special cause or Affinity).
Islamic Inheritance Law Calculators & Apps
There is full of texts in the Muslim Holy book Quran and Hadith, a collection of narrations of Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Vasallam. The Islamic Law of Inheritance is comprehensive, and the inheritance goes beyond 25 steps. The interpretation is not easy work, but it needs scholarly professionals who are educated and well-versed in scripture Holy Quran, and Hadith. Inheritance calculators are free; we recommend using them to gain some understanding.
Islamic Inheritance Law: World's first website to provide a centralized resource for learning Islamic Inheritance Law. Click here to start learning. ILM Inheritance calculator: This is a great calculator and easy to use, but it does not have customized inheritance calculations in terms of different Islamic schools' jurisdictions, such as those specific to Hanafi, Shaafi, Maliki, and Hanbali. Click here to access it. IRTH Inheritance calculator: This calculator is not easy to use, but it has options to select the different Islamic school's jurisprudence. Click here to access it. Islamic Inheritance Laws: This website provides comprehensive guides, lessons, charts, and videos. Click here to access it. Islamic Inheritance: This website provides Islamic inheritance information for American Muslims. Click here to access it.
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